Q & A Page 2
Q. Is there a difference between temperament in males and females?

A. Collies are loyal, affectionate, and make excellent companions. There is not a clear difference based on gender alone. Collies, just like people, are individuals and each one has it's own unique personality. Some people have the mistaken perception that males are less affectionate, and are more aggressive. I have not found this to be true. Both are extremely loving and affectionate. If the males are neutered early, they usually will not lift their hind leg to pee – one advantage. 

Q. How long do Collies live?

A. The average lifespan is 8-12 years. Diet, exercise, rest, companionship, nutrition, teeth cleaning, proper vaccinations, and veterinarian care all play a key role in how long your Collie will live.

Q. How much food does my puppy eat per day?

A. We usually will feed a 1/4 - 1/3 cup of Life's Abundance For Puppys/Dogs, 3 times a day, for a 8-12 week old puppy (10-20 lbs). Leave the hard food out 24/7. Check to see how much is consumed and adjust accordingly as the puppy matures.  
We prefer that you use the Life's Abundance Dry Puppy/Dog Food, which is Human-Quality and Holistic.  
You can call in our Life's Abundance order at 1-877-387-4564.  
We recommend "Autoship" every 2 months, based on the weight of your Collie.  In most cases, the shipping charge for single and multiple bags of HealthyPetNet food is $7.75 an order (excluding non-food products).  Therefore, you will save on shipping if you order a greater amount of food over a longer period of time.  For example, instead of ordering a 20 lb. bag of dog food every month for your Adult Collie, (shipping charge of approximately $7.75 a month), we suggest a 40 lb. bag every two months (shipping charge of approximately $7.75 every two months).  
Life's Abundance Dog Food has convenient home delivery and you never have to worry about running out of food on their Autoship program!  
"30 day money-back guarantee if not satisfied" 

Q. How much should I exercise my puppy?

A. A 6 month old pup is susceptible to bone problems and injuries for another 12 months, until around 18 months of age, and their joints are tender. Puppies’ bodies develop much faster than their bones. The growing weight that results as their body develops combined with the stress of over-exercising can cause bone damage. Puppies are susceptible to joint disorders and can develop health problems if they are over-exercised. Young puppies (less then 6 months) tire quickly and should be allowed to exercise at their own pace.

Q. Do Collies require a lot of grooming?

A. The Collie coat is beautiful if maintained properly. A quick brush through every other day will help prevent mats and tangles. Once a week you should go through the coat in detail, paying special attention to the deep undercoat, underside, and hocks. The Collie is a beautiful, and majestic breed. You need to be willing to spend a half hour each week to comb and brush out the coat properly.

Q. Is it safe to use Ivermectin Wormers on Collies?

A. No... Ivermectin is not considered safe for Collies by most breeders. Several studies have shown a wider range of sensitivity in Collies than other breeds. For Large Roundworm, or Hookworm use Pyrantel Pamoate which is safe for Collies. Also, because of several cases of toxicity in Collies, stay away from Ivermectin products for Heartworm prevention. Talk to your Vet about what is a safe Heartworm preventative for Collies.

Q. What is Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose)?

A. Hypoglycemia simply means a low blood sugar, and is a health risk that can affect puppies between 5 and 16 weeks of age. Glucose is the form of sugar found within the bloodstream. Glucose is formed during the digestion of foods and it can be stored within the liver in a storage form called lycogen. Some instances of low blood sugar in the puppy are the result of inadequate nutrition; either not enough, or poor quality (undigestible) food. Excessive exercise may also cause the body to use up more sugar than is available. 
You can recognize hypoglycemia by a healthy puppy becoming weak, listless, unaware of surroundings, even unable to walk or stand. The puppy will appear limp and lifeless with the gums and tongue usually grayish blue in color. Often the eyes are unfocused and barely open. They may appear to be slightly sunken in. Temperature will be sub-normal and the puppy will be shivering and trembling in the early stages. Advanced stages include seizures before lapsing into coma, which is sometimes followed by death. A puppy with hypoglycemia will lack energy. Glucose (sugar) is the fuel the body burns for energy; without it the puppy is listless. In severe instances the puppy may even seizure since glucose is necessary for the brain tissue and muscles to function. These hypoglycemic episodes will cause the puppy to fall over and appear weak or comatose. 
Steps should be taken IMMEDIATELY to give the puppy karo syrup. Administer the karo syrup by eyedropper, or if the puppy is too weak to take it , let the puppy lick it off your clean fingers, or rub it on its tongue and gums. If the puppy does not improve within 10 minutes, contact your vet immediately! This is NOT something that can wait until the vet opens the following morning! I always recommend if you ever have any concerns, questions, or worries don't hesitate to call your vet even if the puppy is doing better. Once a puppy's sugar level drops, it is much more likely for him to have another episode. It can TAKE WEEKS to build blood sugar levels back up afterwards. Make sure your puppy is eating and drinking OFTEN.
Regardless of how you do it, make the puppy take the syrup, IT'S LIFE DEPENDS ON IT!!! If you give your puppy syrup EVERYDAY until it is 4 months old, you should not have a problem with hypoglycemia. It only takes a few hours for a puppy to go down, so do not forget to give it the syrup EVERYDAY. You should never let a puppy go more than 4 hours without eating. This could result in death and we will not be held responsible for the death of a puppy due to negligence. 
Hypoglycemia can occur WITHOUT warning, when a puppy is placed into a new home, or while being shipped. It might appear after a puppy misses a meal, chills, becomes exhausted from too much playing, or has a digestive upset. These upsets place an added strain on the energy reserves of the liver and bring on symptoms. 
Treatment is directed at restoring blood levels of glucose, beginning at once. If the puppy is awake give him Karo Syrup or sugar in water by mouth. He will begin to improve within 30 minutes. When he is unconscious, he will have to be given a Dextrose solution intravenously. It may be necessary to treat for swelling of the brain. A veterinarian should be called at once.
There are a few ways to give it:
1. Mix 2 tablespoons of honey with 1/2 cup of water each day and let the puppy drink it throughout the day (must be fresh each day).
2. Mix 1 cup creamy peanut butter with 2 tablespoons honey. Store in a closed container in the refrigerator. Take a dab with your finger, roll it into a ball and give it to the puppy. If the puppy does not want to eat it, put the ball on the roof of its mouth. It cannot spit it out. Be careful not to give to large a ball that the puppy chokes. This is good for hypoglycemia and a good coat.
3. Mix Honey, Sugar, or Corn Syrup with equal amounts of water and feed with a syringe, 10cc four times a day.
The stress usually causing this condition is:
1. Over--handling young puppies and not letting them get enough rest and sleep.
2. A puppy refuses to eat for over a period of 8 hours due to change of home and/or food.
3. Exposure to low room temperatures for a period of time or sleeping in drafts.
Usually, the bowels will move without help, but an older puppy may struggle to be supported erect on his feet for elimination. Check carefully for urination as the pup is in trouble if the kidneys cease to function. Wash genital area with cotton soaked with warm water, if the puppy is comatose. If partially mobile, put his feet on a towel at the edge of a wash basin. Support him with one hand and turn the water on in the basin. Hearing the running water usually makes them urinate.
I add 1-2 tablespoons of honey or white karo syrup to their fresh drinking water everyday. Feed several times a day. Leave dry food out 24/7. Never feed your puppy chocolate, fried foods or milk. Do not allow your puppy to become over-chilled or tired. Let your puppy rest and become accustomed to his new home. 
When hypoglycemia is caught in time, there is no reason why a puppy won't come out of it and never have it again if the stress factor is eliminated. 
Usually, most outgrow this danger by 6 months of age.

Q. What is a CERF exam?

A. It is an eye exam done by an Ophthalmologist to check for “Collie Eye Anomaly”.

Q. Are Normal Eyed Collies rare?

A. Yes, there are very few Collie Breeders who breed specifically for Normal Eyes, or use Normal Eyed Collies in their breeding program, which is very unfortunate. To learn more: These conditions are discussed below...

Q. Other breeders I have contacted downplay the importance of Normal Eyes and insist it is not a top priority or very important, why is that?

A. I can only guess, possibly because they don't have them, and do not want to invest the time it takes to "perfect" the eyes and obtain consistent "Normal Eye" results. There are only a handful of breeders in the United States that are breeding for Normal Eyes and to produce Normal Eyes with each successive generation. Ask a Certified Ophthalmologist how important the eyes are, and Normal Eyes in any Collie breeding program… They will tell you, “It is very important”. I have been told, by our Board Certified Ophthalmologist that "We have some of the best in the State", from what he has seen.

Q. What is Collie Eye Anomaly?

A. It is a group of conditions that appear in conjunction with each other, and is present prior to birth. The eye is graded as “clear,” not affected, or as affected, showing signs of the syndrome listed as follows: Staphyloma, Coloboma, Estasia, Choroidal Hypoplasia, Choriorentinal Change, Vascular Disease, Tortuous Blood Vessels, or Retinal Detachment. CEA is a disease essentially affecting the scleral and choroidal layers of the eye. The disease is bilateral, which means it affects both eyes, but not necessarily to the same degree. In it's mildest form, vision is not impaired, but blindness will occur in its severest form. The disease is not progressive, unlike PRA, which means that whatever the degree of affliction, it will not deteriorate.
It is now regarded that CEA has four lesions (the 5 lesions are listed below - Grade 1 no longer has a place on the CERF form), which are as follows:
Grade 1. Torturous retinal vessels, extremely small areas of choroidal hypoplasia - Choroidal Hypoplasia is the mildest form.
CERF FORMS: Ophthalmologists no longer have an area to mark "grade 1's". This condition will now be marked as "normal", but they are still AFFECTED, just as the "Go Normals" are still affected.
Grade 2. Torturous retinal vessels, substantial areas of choroidal hypoplasia - choroidal hypoplasia in the mildest form - vision is normal and is not a progressive condition.
Choroidal hypoplasia - appears as an area lateral (temporal) to the optic disc with reduction or absence of pigment so that the underlying choroidal vasculature is seen; the choroidal vessels may be reduced in number and of abnormal shape; may see underlying white sclera. Once the retina changes to its adult color (about 3 months of age), the normal pigment in the retina may mask the changes in the choroid (so-called "go normal").
Grade 3. Torturous retinal vessels, substantial areas of Choroidal Hypoplasia with Colobomas (pits), Staphlomas, or areas of Ectasia in the posterior segment.
Iris Colobomas - holes or abnormal openings in the iris.
Optic Disc Colobomas - pits or irregularities in the optic disc, the place the optic nerve enters the back of the eye.
Staphlomas - abnormal bulging of the rear wall of the eyeball.
Grade 4. All of the above defects with a Retinal Detachment.
Retinal Detachment - Is where the retina becomes detached from the underlying tissue, at some point or points, resulting in retina becoming loose, possibly showing signs of multiple folding or rippling. Vision will be affected and blindness will occur with a complete detachment. The disease is not progressive, yet it should be said that when a partial detachment becomes complete, it causes total blindness in an already poorly sighted eye.
Retinal Dysplasia - bilateral (both eyes) folded or detached retinals.
Grade 5. All of the above defects with Intra-ocular Hemorrhage, the severest form. This may result from severe retinal detachment, but it may also occur at any age to a greater or lesser extent within this category.

Q. What does the term "Go Normal" mean in reference to eyes?

A. "Go normal" is a term used to describe an affected collie, Grade 1, or Grade 2, in which the area of choroidal hypoplasia fills in so it appears normal at later examinations. These animals act genetically like the affected collies that they are. They will not produce "normal eyed" offspring, unless mated with a normal eyed collie. 

Q. What is PRA?

A. Progressive retinal atrophy is a collective term used to describe a variety of inherited retinal diseases in dogs. PRA is a term which describes retinal degeneration resulting in total blindness in both eyes. The most common form is Generalized PRA. (Another, known as CPRA, arises first in the center of the retina. It comes on later in a dog's life. This has not been considered a threat to the American Collie).
Generalized PRA has proven to be a simple recessive in all the breeds studied. Again, this means that even though the condition is not present at birth, BOTH parents must have been involved as carriers or affecteds. Early signs of the problem may be noticed by the owner as "night blindness".
 The dog has trouble seeing in dim light. An expert may detect early signs in the eye at 6 months or younger. By two years, if the Collie shows no ophthalmoscopic signs, he may be assumed to be permanently safe from PRA. 

Q. Do you have the puppies eyes tested before they are sold?

A. Yes, all of our AKC litters have their eyes examined by the Ophthalmologist around 7 weeks of age. 

This page was last updated: July 13, 2017

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